Perhaps no other landmass in the world has undergone as many political changes during the past 5,500 years than Europe. Thanks to the work of Groovy Historian, we can now visualize this evolution.

Groovy Historian required 20 maps to chart this cartographic history; here's a sampling:

Circa 3,500 B.C

Circa 500 BC:

Circa 1,000 AD:


18th Century Europe

Cold War Europe:


Much more here, including the changing maps of North America and Africa: