Do the diseases that claim the most years of our lives really get the most research funding? This chart takes on that question — and reveals which diseases we may need to focus more on.

The chart is the work of Catherine Richards a staff scientist at the Hutchinson Institute for Cancer Outcomes Research on Dot Data and compares total NIH funding with the burden of disease, a measure used by health researchers to measure total years lost, both in terms of fatality (versus an average lifespan) and also in terms of years lost to illness or disability.

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And while nobody would dispute that HIV and cancer have a huge human cost and urgently need more research, this chart reveals a few diseases that aren't getting enough funding, when you consider their dreadful impact.

Of course, where research dollars flow isn't — and shouldn't be — dictated simply in terms of which diseases lay claim to the most years, but also by, perhaps most importantly, where researchers see the most potential for a breakthrough. But, what the chart does do is highlight some of the illnesses that we could be focusing more attention on, perhaps to the benefit of everyone's health.