One of the more controversial aspects of many religions is a history of preserving "relics," or pieces taken from the bodies of saints. Here are some of the most unusual examples of these macabre objects of veneration.
The hand of a 16th century Jesuit missionary, St. Francis Xavier (Il Gesu, Rome)
His right hand was cut off the mummified corpse located in Old Goa, India in 1614 and kept in Rome.
Shortly after the first exhibition of the corpse, a Portugese woman bit off one of the Saint's big toes. The toe is now in a silver reliquary in another cathedral in Goa. One of St. Francis Xavier's (diamond-encrusted) fingernails is on display in a nearby village and his left hand is in Japan.
The Shroud of Turin with a mysterious image – the burial cloth of Jesus Christ? (Cathedral of Saint John the Baptist, Turin, Italy)
The first photograph of the face, by Secondo Pia, 1898
The heart of Saint Camillus de Lellis, founder of the Order Of Camilians in the late 16th century
(via Catholic Voice Media)
Reliquary of the Foot of St. Blaise, the bishop of Sebastea in the early 4th century
(via Cultural Heritage Fund)
The Blood of San Gennaro, Bishop of Naples around 300 A.D., now the patron saint of the city (kept in Naples Cathedral, in the Royal Chapel of the Treasure of San Gennaro, Naples, Italy)
The blood miraculously re-liquifies three times a year. If this doesn't happen, bad things come: including the bombing during WWII, an earthquake, and the eruption of Mount Vesuvius.
The head of St. John Chrysostom, the Archbishop of Constantinople in the late 4th and early 5th century
The Holy Right, the mummified right fist of the first King of Hungary between 1000 and 1038 (in the Basilica of King Saint Stephen in Budapest)
The Sacred Relic of the tooth of Buddha (Kandy, Sri Lanka)
After Buddha died in 543 BC and cremated, his left canine tooth was retrieved.
Footprint and a parts of Prophet Mohammed's beard in Turkey
(via Bilkent University)
The tissue of the 16th century Italian priest Philip Neri, "The Apostle of Rome" surrounding his expanding heart (Santa Maria in Vallicella or Chiesa Nuova Church, Rome)
The Blessed Tongue and jaw of St. Anthony of Padua
32 years after his death in 1263 a basilica had been built to his relics in Padua. When the crypt was opened, they found only dust and bones. And an intact tongue.
Bonus: The Holy Foreskin (or Holy Prepuce), a product of the circumcision of Jesus
In the Middle Ages some churches have claimed that they have Jesus' foreskin, sometimes at the same time. Most of them were lost or destroyed during the Reformation and the French Revolution. The best known example, The Holy Prepuce of Calcata has been stolen in 1983.