Strange Architecture Of The Tito And Ceausescu Regime

Illustration for article titled Strange Architecture Of The Tito And Ceausescu Regime

Your definitive guide to some of the most unusual structures Romania has to offer.

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Palace of the Parliament, 1984-1990, Bucharest, Romania

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The world's largest and heaviest civilian building with its 270m by 240m (885 by 787 ft) size, 84 m (275 ft) height and 1100 rooms. It was designed by Anca Petrescu and a group of 700 architects in the last years of the Ceausescu era.

The dictator named it the People's House. One million cubic meters (35.3 million cubic ft) of Transyvanian marble and 700,000 tonnes of steel and bronze were used.

(via baubid and reptilianul)

Unification Avenue, Bucharest, Romania

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The Romanian Champs-Élysées with its 3.5 km length (11480 ft) and 90 m width. (295 ft)

(via Brombags1/Flickr)

Hunger circus, Romania

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Illustration for article titled Strange Architecture Of The Tito And Ceausescu Regime

Identical domed buildings as a part of systemization under the regime. These were built for serve as food hypermarkets and public refectories. Some of them are abandoned, or just unfinished.

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(via zf and xtratime)

Block of flats in Romania

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Illustration for article titled Strange Architecture Of The Tito And Ceausescu Regime

(via Wikimedia Commons and xtratime)

Basarab Tower, Bucharest, Romania, 1988

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Ceaucescu wanted the best elevators to his palace, (Palace Of The Parliament – pictured above) so he visited the state-owned IFMA elevator factory. He was really scared because of the bad quality, and wanted an elevator testing building. In 1986 the construction of a 23 floor (112 m or 374 ft) high elevator testing building was started and it took two years to complete. The building doesn't have any windows, but there are some underground bunkers, floors and dam systems under the building.

(via openbuildings and skyscrapercity)

Palace of Serbia, Novi Beograd, Serbia, 1947-1959

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Illustration for article titled Strange Architecture Of The Tito And Ceausescu Regime
Illustration for article titled Strange Architecture Of The Tito And Ceausescu Regime
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It's the former seat of the Yugoslavian government, has 744 offices.

(via Skyscraper City)

Danube Flower, Belgrade, Serbia, 1973

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The landmark restaurant at Belgrade waterfront was sponsored by the Tito government.

(via 4of7)

Tito-ordered monuments, former Yugoslavia

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It's the Korenica Monument, near the Croatian-Bosnian border, which symbolizes "the new freedom" for the Yugoslavian people.

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The Podgarić Monument was erected in 1967 by Dusan Dzamonja, dedicated to the people of Moslavina during WWII.

(via Atlas Obscura and io9)

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DISCUSSION

Vincze_Miklos
Vincze Miklós

An interesting addition to the post:

Do you know the word 'Ceauşima'?

It's a vernacular word construction in Romanian, sarcastically linking former Communist leader Nicolae Ceauşescu to Hiroshima. This portmanteau term was sometimes coined in the 1980s to describe the huge urban areas of Bucharest that Ceauşescu ordered torn down, comparing the results with the nuclear attack on Hiroshima. It has also been used to describe other actions of Ceauşescu not linked to the demolition of Bucharest, such as intense pollution in the Transylvanian city of Copşa Mică.

During the final few years of Ceauşescu's tenure, significant portions of the historic center of Bucharest were demolished to accommodate standardized apartment blocks and government buildings, including the grandiose Centrul Civic and the palatial House of the People, now the Palace of the Parliament.

The demolition campaign erased many monuments including 3 monasteries, 20 churches, 3 synagogues, 3 hospitals, 2 theaters and a noted Art Deco sports stadium.

(via Wikipedia 1 / 2)