"Snow Cleaning" Keeps This Giant Telescope Mirror Perfectly Pristine

Illustration for article titled Snow Cleaning Keeps This Giant Telescope Mirror Perfectly Pristine

The James Webb Space Telescope is the most powerful space telescope ever built, and its mirrors must be kept squeaky clean. Any debris, even tiny flecks of dust, could impact its science. Ergo, “snow cleaning:” the use of carbon dioxide snow to clean the mirrors thoroughly yet gently.

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According to NASA, the photo above shows a test mirror getting the snow-clean treatment:

Just like drivers sometimes use snow to clean their car mirrors in winter, two Exelis Inc. engineers are practicing “snow cleaning’” on a test telescope mirror for the James Webb Space Telescope at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland. By shooting carbon dioxide snow at the surface, engineers are able to clean large telescope mirrors without scratching them.

“The snow-like crystals (carbon dioxide snow) knock contaminate particulates and molecules off the mirror,” said Lee Feinberg, NASA optical telescope element manager. This technique will only be used if the James Webb Space Telescope’s mirror is contaminated during integration and testing.

The Webb telescope is the scientific successor to NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope. It will be the most powerful space telescope ever built. With a mirror seven times as large as Hubble’s and infrared capability, Webb will be capturing light from 13.5 billion light years away. To do this, its mirror must be kept super clean.

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Image credit: NASA/Chris Gunn

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Chip Overclock®

I was assisting one of my clients in “shake” testing one of their products on a shake table at Ball Aerospace in Boulder Colorado a couple of years ago. A shake table is like God’s own subwoofer, with a gigantic computer controlled amplifier, to which you bolt down the device under test. And proceed to shake the hell out of it. Customers like Coors Brewery down the road in Golden Colorado test the boxes they ship beer bottles in at this same facility with shake profiles that simulate a tractor trailer rig on a rough road. Pretty neat.

In the big bay next door folks were testing the mirror assembly for the Webb space telescope, specifically testing it with shake profiles to simulate booster separation. So more of a WHAM instead of a BRRRRRRRRRRRRRR. It was pretty cool to watch them, wearing the clean suits just like in the photograph above, everything draped in plastic sheets.