A legendary figure of modern architecture, Oscar Niemeyer (1907-2012) lived through the 20th century, designed more than hundred buildings, and planned and designed the federal capital of BrasĂ­lia, Brazil with LĂşcio Costa. His legacy lives on in these gamechanging buildings.

The Brazilian Pavilion at the New York World's Fair of 1939, designed with LĂşcio Costa

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(via Penn State Special Collections and Analogia)

The Church of Saint Francis of Assisi, Belo Horizonte, Brazil, completed in 1943, but it was not consecrated until 1959, because the Archbishop proclaimed the church "unfit for religious purposes."

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(via thefuturistics and Lucas)

Casa das Canoas, Niemeyer's personal home in Canoas, Rio de Janeiro, designed in 1951

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(via Wikiarquitectura and designrulz)

Casa Edmundo Cavanelas, Pedro do Rio, Brazil, 1954

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(via The Modern House Blog, Casavogue and 44arquitetura)

The Ibirapuera Park, SĂŁo Paulo, Brazil, opened in 1954, with buildings designed by Oscar Niemeyer and his team

The Planetarium:

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The PavilhĂŁo Ciccillo Matarazzo (Ciccillo Matarazzo Pavilion), venue of the SĂŁo Paulo Biennial since 1957:

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The Oca auditorium:

The AuditĂłrio Ibirapuera:

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(via Oca/Wikimedia Commons, Ibirapuera Park/Wikimedia Commons and Renato SepĂşlveda)

EdifĂ­cio Copan, A 38-story residential building in SĂŁo Paulo, Brazil, constructed between 1957 and 1966

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(via Miliauskas Arquitetura, Arthur Castro and EdifĂ­cio Copan/Wikimedia Commons)

National Congress Building, BrasĂ­lia, Brazil, constructed between 1957 and 1964

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(via Wikimedia Commons and Eraldo Peres/AP)

The Palácio da Alvorada, the official residence of the President of Brazil, Brasília, Brazil, built between 1957 and 1958

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(via Wikimedia Commons)

Supremo Tribunal Federal (Supreme Federal Court), BrasĂ­lia,Brazil, 1958

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(via Márcio Cabral de Moura, Christoph Diewald and Paulo Ellery)

Igrejinha Nossa Senhora de Fátima (Church of Our Lady of Fatima), Brasília, Brazil, 1958-1960

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(via Anna Armstrong)

The truncated pyramid-like Cláudio Santoro National Theater, Brasília, Brazil, 1960-1966

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(via Wikimedia Commons, Edward Stojakovic and Helio Dias)

Palácio da Justiça, Braslíia, 1962

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(via Sheep"R"Us, Shelley Bernstein)

French Communist Party (PCF) Headquarters, Paris, France, 1965

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(via MIMOA, vigggo and T P)

Itamaraty Palace, the headquarters of the Ministry of External Relations of Brazil, BrasĂ­lia, Brazil, completed in 1970

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(via A C Moraes, Nathan Bishop)

The Cathedral of BrasĂ­lia, Brazil, a hyperboloid structure with 16 concrete columns, also known as the Catedral Metropolitana Nossa Senhora Aparecida (Metropolitan Cathedral of Our Lady Aparecida), completed and inaugurated in 1970.

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(via Wikimedia Commons, Márcio Cabral de Moura, Eric and mifl68)

Palácio do Jaburu (Palace of the Jabiru), the official residence of the Vice-President of Brazil, constructed between 1973 and 1977

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(via Palácio do Planalto)

Mondadori Editorial Headquarters, Milan, Italy, constructed between 1970 and 1974

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(via The Hour Lounge and Concept Book)

The volcano-like Cultural Center of Le Havre, France, 1982-1985

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(via Pietro Izzo, Expectmohr 1 – 2 and Franck 44)

NiterĂłi Contemporary Art Museum, NiterĂłi, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1996

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(via Gary Dee, Phx de, Nicolas Nova, doc 1.0 and howvinn)

Sede da Procuradoria Geral da RepĂşblica Brasileira (Attorney General's Office), BrasĂ­lia, Brazil, 1995-2002

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(via Guilherme Kardel and Gabriel Tavares)

Oscar Niemeyer Museum, Curitiba, Brazil, 2002

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(via Leonardo Shinagawa, Ana Paula Hirama, Radamés Manosso)

National Library of BrasĂ­lia, BrasĂ­lia, Brazil, 2006

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(via Wikimedia Commons)

National Museum of the Republic, BrasĂ­lia, Brazil, 2006

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(via Paulo Santa Rosa, Leandro Neumann Cluffo, Jesse The Traveler and Camila F. 1 – 2)

The Brasilia Digital TV Tower, BrasĂ­lia, Brazil, constructed between 2009 and 2012

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(via Matheusgf78)

Tribunal Superior Eleitoral (The Superior Electoral Court Building), 2011

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(via André Bonacin and BOL)

Oscar Niemeyer International Cultural Center, Aviles, Spain, 2011

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(via J. Rober Glez, Jesus Vicario, Cristina Barroso, Pablo Fernández, Fernando Hernández and Nuno Dantas)