Gaze upon the spokes of the Southern Pinwheel Galaxy

Messier 83 is one of the closest spiral galaxies in the night sky, located just 12 million light-years from Earth. Its unique properties have earned it two of the more evocative galactic nicknames: the Southern Pinwheel and the Thousand-Ruby Galaxy.

The first nickname isn't too difficult to explain - as you might imagine, it's located in the southern hemisphere, in the constellation of Hydra. Its spiral arms are particularly prominent, which lends it the appearance of a pinwheel, which is only emphasized by the presence of young, blue star clusters all along its arms. As for its other, even more striking nickname:

Typically found near the edges of the thick dust lanes, a wealth of reddish star forming regions also suggest another popular moniker for M83, The Thousand-Ruby Galaxy. Dominated by light from older stars, the bright yellowish core of M83 lies at the upper right. The core is also bright at x-ray energies that reveal a high concentration of neutron stars and black holes left from an intense burst of star formation. In fact, M83 is a member of a group of galaxies that includes active galaxy Centaurus A. The close-up field of view spans over 25,000 light-years at the estimated distance of M83.


The Hubble Legacy Archive via NASA.

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