Fritz Goro was one of the most important science photographers of all time, capturing the huge scientific advances after World War II, and the start of the Space Race. And now Life Magazine has a breathtaking gallery of Goro's most unforgettable images, which show us the cutting-edge science of the 1950s and 1960s. They're beautiful, but they also illuminate the world we live in today.

Here are a selection of a few of our favorite images from Life's Fritz Goro gallery. (That top image is inventor Allyn Hazard testing his "moon suit mock-up" in a lava crater in the Mojave Desert — the suit carried oxygen and food.) Check out the rest over at Life Magazine. [via Boing Boing]

Laser light being projected into the eye of a rabbit, making it look totally eeeevil.

Tiny opossums, at various stages of growth, being kept alive in a device designed to simulate a mother's pouch, to learn about fetal development.

A representation of a segment of DNA molecule, in 1963

hologram created by Juris Upatnieks is projected on screens, while a laser passes through them in 1966.

A plastic skeleton showing the areas most likely to be affected by radioactive fallout.

Sparks caused by a laser beam focused on a razor blade, in an experiment at Trion Instruments in Ann Arbor, Michigan.

The first demonstration of a new invention called "fiber optics."

A handful of tiny electrical parts in 1960. According to a Life Magazine story, "the inside of a TV set may in a decade or two be wonderfully simplified — no tangle of wires and tubes, just two or three chips of crystal engraved and etched like jewelry."