You'll Have To Think Like A Pirate To Solve This Week's PuzzleRobbie Gonzalez2/01/15 5:30pmFiled to: sunday puzzlemathslogicpirates1333EditPromoteShare to KinjaToggle Conversation toolsGo to permalinkGIF Pirates, of course, are notoriously greedy – but they're also incredibly shrewd. And don't forget, they'll kill you, if given the chance.Sunday Puzzle #18: A Puzzle For Pirates This week's puzzle was proposed by reader William Murray. It's a classic puzzle, and comes in a variety of forms, but the version I've included here was widely popularized in a 1999 in Ian Stewart's "Mathematical Recreations" column for Scientific American. The puzzle goes as follows:Advertisement Ten rational pirates have gotten their hands on a hoard of 100 gold pieces and wish to divide the loot. They are democratic pirates, in their own way, and it is their custom to make such divisions in the following manner: The fiercest pirate makes a proposal about the division, and everybody votes on it, including the proposer. If 50 percent or more are in favor, the proposal passes and is implemented forthwith. Otherwise the proposer is thrown overboard, and the procedure is repeated with the next fiercest pirate. Advertisement All the pirates enjoy throwing one of their fellows overboard, but if given a choice they prefer cold, hard cash. They dislike being thrown overboard themselves. All pirates are rational and know that the other pirates are also rational. Moreover, no two pirates are equally fierce, so there is a precise pecking order-and it is known to them all. The gold pieces are indivisible, and arrangements to share pieces are not permitted, because no pirate trusts his fellows to stick to such an arrangement. It's every man for himself. What proposal should the fiercest pirate make to get the most gold? For convenience, number the pirates in order of meekness, so that the least fierce is number 1, the next least fierce number 2 and so on. The fiercest pirate thus gets the biggest number, and proposals proceed in reverse order from the top down. We'll be back next week with the solution – and a new puzzle! Got a great brainteaser, original or otherwise, that you'd like to see featured? E-mail me with your recommendations. (We welcome any and all submissions, but we're particularly interested in your picks for the most challenging Car Talk Puzzlers of all time – see the"Car Talk Puzzler Recommendations" section, below). As always, be sure to include "Sunday Puzzle" in the subject line!Sponsored Art by Tara JacobySOLUTION To Sunday Puzzle #17: The Four-Glasses Puzzle Last week, you were asked to arrange four glasses in the same orientation on four corners of a square Lazy Susan. You were challenged to accomplish this while adhering to a specific set of rules, and to do so within a finite number of turns.