These surreal photographs from Frank Herfort's Imperial Pomp - Post Soviet Highrise series show us the strangest post-Soviet buildings of Kazakhstan, Belarus and Russia.
Two golden towers in Astana, Kazakhstan, also called as 'the beer cans' by locals, built in 1998
An office building in Moscow, Russia
Grand Park Towers (Khodynsky Bulvar 5), 414 ft (126 m) tall apartment buildings in Moscow, 2006
The 27-story high Paveletskaya Tower, an office building designed by Sergey Borisovich Tkachenko, opened in 2003, Moscow, Russia
Cosmos Apartment Towers, Saint Petersburg
A residential building in Chelyabinsk, Russia
The highest tensile structure in the world: the Khan Shatyr Entertainment Center, a 500 ft (150 m) high transparent tent in Astana, Kazakhstan, designed by Norman Foster, opened in 2010. It has an internal park, a shopping center, an indoor beach resort, a boating river, and an entertainment venue.
Europe's tallest tower, the 1,112 ft (339 m) high, Mercury City Tower in Moscow, constructed between 2009 and 2013
The 39-story Triumph of Astana, a mixed-use building (it has offices, a hotel and apartments) in Astana, Kazakhstan, opened in 2006.
Legion III Centre, Moscow, Russia, opened in 2008
Northern Tower, Moscow, Russia, completed in 2007
A residential complex in Nishny Novgorod
Baikonur Apartment Towers, Astana, Kazakhstan
Traffic Police Headquarters, Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan, Russia
The Big Ben of Surgut, Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Russia
A residential complex in Moscow, Russia
MosFilm Tower, Moscow, Russia, completed in December 2011
The Scarlet Sails apartment complex with a 48-story tower, Moscow, Russia
Lazurny Kvartal (means Azure Complex), a residential complex in Astana, Kazakhstan, opened in 2011
Kuntsevo Living Complex, Moscow, Russia
The Zeppelin of Moscow, Russia
Parus Business Center, Moscow, Russia
The tallest railway station building (101 m or 331 ft including the spire) in Europe, Samara, Russia, opened in 1999
Nur Otan Party Building in Astana, Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan Central Concert Hall, designed by Manfredi Nicoletti, opened in December 2009, Astana, Kazakhstan
The rhombicuboctahedron-shaped National Library of Belarus, in Minsk, Belarus, designed by Mihail Vinogradov and Viktor Kramarenko, opened in 2006
Chrystal Plaza in Samara, Russia
Gazprom Headquarters, Moscow, Russia
A Billiard and Chess Centre in Khanty-Mansiysk, hosted the 2010 Chess Olympics, designed by Erick Van Egeraat, opened in 2010
The castle-like Edelweiss Tower, designed as a companion to the Seven Sisters skyscrapers in Moscow, Russia, opened in 2003
Zenit International Business Center, Moscow, Russia. The construction was started in 1991, but stopped two years later.
Zapsibgazprom Building in Tyumen, Russia, opened in 2004