Incredibly, no special effects were used to create these visuals. The sculptures consist of thousands of layers of paper, arranged in a honeycomb-like lattice and pieced together with glue. Then, using a subtractive carving technique, Hongbo chips away with an electric saw to achieve the desired shapes.
Displaying this work has been a problem for Hongbo, but now, in collaboration with Eli Klein from Klein Sun Gallery, the sculptures have been presented in a spectacular way, thanks to these close-up shots filmed at 240 frames per second. Here's an extended cut: