One of the stories about China you see cropping up a lot in U.S. media is that the nation is conducting a eugenics project to engineer a generation of hyper-smart kids who can conquer the world with their genius. The truth is a lot more interesting than that.
In reality, researchers in China are trying to determine whether there is a genetic basis for intelligence. Specifically they are looking at the kind of intelligence that leads to people who are gifted at math. And even more specifically, their dataset doesn't come from a Chinese project — instead it comes from an American study of mathematically gifted kids (pictured above).