The Paris World's Fair of 1900 (also known as The Exposition Universelle) was held in Paris between 15 April and 12 November. On display were many new inventions: matryoshka dolls, Diesel engines, talking film, and the telegraphone. But more importantly, the architecture and design of this World's Fair brought the wonderful Art Nouveau style into popular culture. These photos and illustrations of the Fair show why the world fell in love with Art Nouveau.

    A view of the Exposition Universelle

    The Eiffel Tower with the Globe Céleste, the icon of the Exposition Universelle

    Crowds arriving at the Place de la Concorde on double deck cars, the monumental gate by Binet

    The Grand Entrance

    Ancient Paris, a recreation of the medieval Paris and the Palais of the Land and Sea Forces on the other side of the river

    The illuminated Eiffel Tower, erected in 1889 as the entrance arch to a previous World's Fair

    The Chateau of Water, Palace of Electricity and Palace of Chemical Industries, as seen from and under the Eiffel Tower

    The Avenue Nicholas II

    The Avenue Nicholas II, looking towards the Dome of the Invalides

    The environs of the Trocadero

    The Palace Lumineux

    Champ de Mars

    A road between pavilions

    The national pavilions

    Belgium (left) and Finland (right)

    Germany (left and below) and Sweden (right)

    Italy

    Russia

    The Austro-Hungarian Pavilion

    United States

    The Dutch East Indies Pavilion, a replica of Candi Sari, a 8th-century Buddhist temple in Indonesia

    Algeria

    Norway

    (via Societe Anglaise)

    Romania

    (via Modernism)

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    Indo-China

    (via Exposition Universelle 1900 and belleindochine)

    The Le Tour du Monde pavilions displaying a collection of exotic oriental architectures – a Siamese pavilion, a Japanese pagoda and an Indian pavilion.

    (via Boston College)

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    Cambodia

    Sudan and Senegal

    (via Brown University)

    The Grand and the Little Palace

    How the Paris World's Fair brought Art Nouveau to the Masses in 1900How the Paris World's Fair brought Art Nouveau to the Masses in 1900

    A Perfumery in the Department of Chemistry

    Inside the Palace of Electricity

    Inside the La Salle des Fêtes

    The Palace of Optics

    Manufacturer's and Liberal Arts Building

    Commercial Navigation Building and Quai d' Orsay, France

    The Commercial Navigation, Industrial Arts, Electrical sections and the main hall in the United States Pavilion

    A sculpture exhibition at the Grand Palace

    (via Brown University)

    The Palace of Horticulture

    The Agricultural Section with the shop of Chocolat Menier

    How the Paris World's Fair brought Art Nouveau to the Masses in 1900How the Paris World's Fair brought Art Nouveau to the Masses in 1900

    Palace of Forestry, Hunting, Fishing and Gathering

    Inside the Hungarian Pavilion

    Palace of Decorative Arts with glass items of Crystallerie de la Pantin, a well-known glass maker

    A giant telescope in the Palace of Optics

    How the Paris World's Fair brought Art Nouveau to the Masses in 1900How the Paris World's Fair brought Art Nouveau to the Masses in 1900

    (via Wikimedia Commons 12)

    Cinéorama, an early film experiment by Raoul Grimoin-Sanson. It simulated a ride in a hot air balloon over Paris.

    The system consisted ten 70mm movie projectors and a 90x9 (295x29.5 ft) metre screens.

    It lasted only three days, because it was shut down by the police for safety reasons: the projectors lights caused extreme heat.

    (via Wikimedia Commons)

    A moving sidewalk

    And here's how it moved.

    A rolling platform 30 ft. above head with steel rails and the sidewalk

    (via Brown University)

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    The photos above are from Brooklyn Museum and The Library of Congress, made by Henry William Goodyear, except when noted otherwise.