Earlier this week, the Sun emitted its first X-class solar flare in about four years. The most powerful form of solar flare, this particular flare has lit up a massive region on the Sun's southern hemisphere...and any of our readers in the far northern or southern latitudes will be treated to some particularly amazing auroras over the next few days.
X-class flares can, at their most extreme, create radio blackouts or even "long-lasting radiation storms", which I think I'm perfectly fine not knowing about. Thankfully, as big as this flare is, it's perfectly benign, with the most obvious effect on Earth being the unusually dramatic aurora borealis and australis. A NASA astronomer explains what's going on in this dramatic picture:
On Valentine's Day (ET) the Sun unleashed one of its most powerful explosions, an X-class flare. The blast was the largest so far in the new solar cycle. Erupting from active region AR1158 in the Sun's southern hemisphere, the flare is captured here in this extreme ultraviolet image from the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO). The intense burst of electromagnetic radiation momentarily overwhelmed pixels in SDO's detectors causing the bright vertical blemish. This X-class flare was also accompanied by a coronal mass ejection (CME), a massive cloud of charged particles traveling outward at nearly 900 kilometers per second.